From a clinical point of view, the application of additional tactile cues may have therapeutic benefits in relation to fall prevention, or to improve specific types of chronic pain.
The American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) today announced the results of its Today's Podiatrist survey, which measures the public's attitudes toward foot health. The study, which surveyed 1,000 US adults ages 18 and older, found the majority of Americans say they have experienced foot pain (77 percent).
We therefore suggest that it is necessary to differentiate between (i) cues from plantar cutaneous receptors involved in exteroceptive functions, like the evaluation of the support structure or of relative foot-to-surface motion, and (ii) cues from deep receptors which subserve proprioceptive functions like the control of center of pressure shifts within the limits of the foot support base.
The findings revealed that the staggered stance represents a "hybrid" blend of the properties of the side-by-side and tandem foot positions. Collectively, foot position and weight distribution interact to determine the stability and flexibility of inter-leg coordination dynamics in postural control.
In conclusion, the stimulation to the proprioceptive system arising from textured insoles worn for five weeks was sufficient to improve the proprioceptive ability and performance ability of ballet dancers.
Collins, K.A. 2017. The immediate effects of plantar massage and textured insoles on gait in patients following ACL recontruction. Doctoral thesis, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte. https://search.proquest.com/openview/6d96b6ede4bfcceb3f1e7a9caa9e30a3/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y
Steinberg, N. et al. 2015.